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年畫資料

本館典藏的圖像資料豐富,其中年畫收藏較為完整而具地方特色,特撰文簡介及說明。舊日農村社會貼畫的風俗起源甚早,漢代已有在門上畫神人或神虎,以求禳災祛禍的記載;宋代以後由於經濟繁榮富裕,年畫更增添納福迎祥的趣味,其內容既富宗教性、藝術性,亦含社會性、歷史性,舉凡民間生活鉅細無遺;題材包含了民間故事、歷史傳說、神佛仙官、仕女娃娃、風俗喜慶、花果鳥獸等,另有作為戲齣演出時的情況來加以表現者,這類年畫可稱為戲齣年畫,大概在清乾隆年間已有印製,不但刻畫熱鬧的場面來裝點年華,美化人生,還兼教育兒童、傳播文化、增廣見聞、寄託懷抱等作用,得到廣大群眾喜愛,值得今人認識和研究。

本館收藏各地傳統年畫約1,300餘幅,多已經掃描成數位圖檔,年畫與古書同屬版印,有助於對傳統刻印技術之瞭解,且其取材內容充份反映過去庶民生活日常風貌,不失為古書記載的具體佐證,可提供社會大眾藝術觀賞之用,亦可提供相關學術研究之用。

The picture collection of National Central Library is especially rich in the New Year Pictures. The New Year Pictures' original form was a picture of a divine guardians or tigers of doors, during the Han dynasty in China. The Chinese New Year pictures flourished after Song Dynasty. Those pictures are portraits of the folk life in ancient China, including folktales, historic legend, the Immortals and mascot, flowers, fruits, animals, notes novels, and drama. The New Year pictures' theme from Chinese opera were printed in the Qianlong Emperor of Qing Dynasty. People often through such subjects increased education, cultural dissemination, broaden knowledge, and emotional expression. Even nowadays the New Year Pictures are still not difficult to identify and recognize the religious, artistic, social, and historical research value in the works. National Central Library has collected about 1,300 New Year Pictures. Most of them are digitized and can be searched in the New Year Pictures Database.


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